Have-a-Java Quiz 11 - Kidney:
1. Which blood vessel brings blood into the kidney to be filtered?
    A) afferent arteriole
    B) efferent arteriole
    C) renal artery
    D) renal vein

2. The outer region of the kidney is called the renal _____.
    A) cortex
    B) medulla
    C) pelvis
    D) tubule

3. The functional unit of the kidney that produces unit is called the:
    A) renal pelvis
    B) collecting duct
    C) nephron
    D) neuron

4. Which blood vessel brings blood into the glomerulus?
    A) interlobular artery
    B) renal artery
    C) arcuate artery
    D) afferent arteriole

5. The glomeruls consists of the glomerular _______ and ___________.
    A) capillaries; Bowman's capsule
    B) capillaries; loop of Henle
    C) arteries; Bowman's capsule
    D) arteries; proximal tubule

6. Blood is filtered at the:
    A) loop of Henle
    B) proximal tubule
    C) distal tubule
    D) glomerulus

7. Which substance is too large to be filtered through the glomerular capillaries?
    A) blood cells
    B) glucose
    C) sodium
    D) water

8. The material that collects in Bowman's capsule is called:
    A) blood
    B) water
    C) precipitate
    D) filtrate

9. The major function of the proximal tubule is:
    A) glomerular filtration
    B) tubular reabsorption
    C) tubular secretion
    D) none of the above

10. Tubular reabsorption moves substnaces from the _____ to the __________.
    A) tubule lumen; peritubular capillaries
    B) tubule lumen; collecting duct
    C) peritubular capillaries; tubule lumen
    D) renal artery; efferent arteriole

11. A major function of the loop of Henle is to actively pump _____ from the lumen to the interstitial cells (interstitium).
    A) glucose
    B) water
    C) sodium
    D) large proteins

12. Which organism would have the longest loop of Henle to help with reabsorption of water?
    A) human
    B) freshwater fish
    C) frog
    D) desert kangaroo rat

13. The pumping of sodium out of the loop of Henle helps the reabsorption of water from the:
    A) collecting duct
    B) proximal tubule
    C) distal tubule
    D) glomerulus

14. The distal tubule is the major site of tubular:
    A) reabsorption
    B) filtration
    C) secretion
    D) inhibition

15. Liquid waste is formally called urine by the time the filtrate reaches the:
    A) loop of Henle
    B) proximal tubule
    C) distal tubule
    D) collecting duct

16. The major waste component of urine is:
    A) urea
    B) ammonia
    C) protein
    D) water

17. The collecting ducts from many nephrons drain urine into the:
    A) renal capsule
    B) renal pelvis
    C) ureter
    D) urethra

18. If blood becomes to acidic, _____ will be secreted into the ______.
    A) OH-; proximal tubule
    B) OH-; loop of Henle
    C) H+; distal tubule
    D) H+; collecting duct

19. If a patient is dehydrated, the hormone _____ will be released and act on the _________.
    A) ADH; collecting duct
    B) aldosterone; proximal tubule
    C) ANH; collecting duct
    D) none of the above

20. Which hormone stimulates Na+/K+ pumps in the distal tubule to reabsorb sodium?
    A) cortisol
    B) antidiuretic hormone
    C) atrial natriuretic hormone
    D) aldosterone

21. If blood pressure increases, which of the following will be true?
    A) larger volume of urine
    B) smaller volume of urine
    C) urine more concentrated
    D) lower rate of glomerular filtration

22. If more sodium is secreted into the kidney tubules, what will tend to follow the sodium out in the urine?
    A) potassium
    B) glucose
    C) blood cells
    D) water

23. What feature of glomerular capillaries allows filtration to occur?
    A) pores
    B) thick walls
    C) active transport pumps
    D) protein channels

24. If a patient is suffering from hypernatremia (too much sodium), the hormone ____ will be released to excrete more sodium.
    A) ADH
    B) ANH
    C) aldosterone
    D) PTH

25. Which disorder is caused by bacteria that invade tissues other than the kidney and release a toxin that affects the filtering apparatus of the kidney?
    A) nephritis
    B) kidney stones
    C) glomerulonephritis
    D) diabetes inspidus